Pig farming is a very profitable business in Kenya because of the large demand for pork. The demand for pork in Kenya estimated to rise 4 times by 2030, which is a growth of about 125% higher than the amount produced today. This has led to an increase in the demand for the pork allover the country
In addition to this, there are many other factors that make pig farming a profitable endeavor. These include:
-The cost of raising pigs is relatively low compared to other livestock such as cows or chickens.
-Even though they require a lot of space, they do not need much room relative to their weight when compared with cattle or sheep (5 times less). This means that they can be kept on smaller farms where space is limited or expensive due to urbanization and environmental concerns.
-A sow can produce up to 10 piglets per year at its peak fertility age, meaning that there will always be enough animals available for sale without having too many at any one time producing waste products like manure which can become costly if not managed properly (many farmers use manure as fertilizer
Beginner Tips for Successful Pig Farming in Kenya
Choose a breed that suits your climate
When it comes to pig farming in Kenya, the first thing you need to think about is your climate. The best way to do this is by choosing a breed that suits your climate.
In Kenya, there are three main climate zones: humid, sub-humid and semi-arid. Each of these has its own set of challenges when it comes to raising pigs.
Humid climates are characterized by high temperatures and high humidity levels, which can make it difficult for pigs to cool down in hot weather. In order to keep them happy and healthy, farmers should choose breeds that have thick skin and hair coat so that they’re well protected from sunburns during hot seasons.
Sub-humid climates are characterized by moderate temperatures and humidity; however, they tend to have more rainfall than humid zones so there may be more mud around. This means that you’ll need to keep your pigs clean so they don’t get sick or injured when walking around outside! To help prevent this from happening, choose breeds with short legs so they can’t sink into deep mud holes as easily – such as Cheviots or Hampshires
The best breeds of pigs that can adapt well to the kenyan climate and weather are Large White, The Landrace, Duroc and Hampshire
You’ll also want to think about how long the pig will live and whether or not this matches up with your expectations for its age. For example, some people only want their pigs for a few years before slaughtering them for meat (which is why they prefer breeds like the Tamworth and Berkshire). Other people want their pigs around for many years and will therefore opt for breeds like Gloucester Old Spot or Large Black which have longer life spans than some other breeds
Buy Pigs and piglets from reliable farmers
Buying pigs and piglets from reliable farmers is very important to the success of your farm. The first step to finding a good pig farmer is asking around in your community. You may be surprised at how many people know someone who raises pigs or has purchased pigs or piglets in the past. You can also look online for local farmers and contact them directly.
When you find a suitable farmer, make sure that they have a good reputation in the community as well as on social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. Search for posts about them and see how they are received by their customers. If you can’t find any information about them online then you should probably look elsewhere for your pig farmer needs.
Before you make any purchases, check with your local veterinary clinic about what diseases are common among pigs and how they can affect humans. You should also ask if there are any vaccines available for these illnesses so that you can protect yourself from them if necessary.
Determine the kind of feeding system you will be using
In order to determine the kind of feeding system you will be using, you need to determine the size of your pig farm. You can choose between free range pigs or those that are kept in sties.
Free range pigs are allowed to roam around freely in an open area. This type of feeding system is more expensive but gives the pigs a better environment for growth and development.
Sties are small pens where the pigs are kept. It is cheaper than free range pig farming but there are limits on how much food you can give them since it cannot be easily accessed by them when they are inside their pens. This is an expensive but reliable method that is good for those who do not have much time to spend on their farm.
Make sure you have a reliable source of water.
Pig farming is not a cheap venture, and you need to make sure that you have the resources necessary to keep your pigs healthy and happy. If they don’t have access to clean water, they will be in poor health and won’t produce as much meat for you.
A pig farm’s success is largely determined by its location and the source of its water. If you are planning to build your farm in an area with a low average annual rainfall, you will need to find an alternative source for your pigs’ water needs other than rainwater. You can either dig a well or drill for groundwater.
Proper veterinary care is important
A healthy pig is a happy pig, and a happy pig produces more quality meat. Proper veterinary care includes ensuring that your pigs are vaccinated, dewormed, and treated for any illnesses as soon as they appear.
Pigs are susceptible to a number of diseases and illnesses, which can be fatal if not treated in time. Make sure you have an agreement with your vet to come out whenever needed.
You’ll also want to make sure you have enough space for your pigs to roam around. If they’re kept in a small pen, they may become stressed and develop health problems. You also need to make sure that your pigs are getting proper vaccinations for diseases such as swine flu and parvovirus.
Ensure that you disinfect your pig pens thoroughly.
Ensuring that your pig pens are disinfected thoroughly is an important step in successful pig farming. You’ll want to ensure that you’ve cleaned up any waste and that your pig pens don’t smell. If the smell is bad, then it’ll be hard for your pigs to eat (and they won’t eat if they’re hungry).
You can also use disinfectants such as chlorine bleach and hydrogen peroxide on the inside of the pig pens so that they stay clean and odor-free throughout their life.
Livestock fencing is very important for security
Livestock fencing is very important for security. The fence should be at least 3 feet high, and it should be built with sturdy materials that can withstand the strength of a pig. Some farmers choose to use concrete blocks or bricks to build their fences.
You should also consider using electric fencing around your property. This type of fencing will prevent wild animals from entering your property and destroying your crops.
Takeaway: With the right preparation and tools, pig farming in Kenya can be a rewarding venture.